11 Excellent Substitute For Kaffir Lime Leaves You Need To Know
When cooking becomes my own little word, one of my hobbies is trying out different recipes I find on the Internet. Although food experimentation is funny, there would always be times when I get frustrated.
Yesterday, I did plan to cook a Thai curry dish. When I checked the ingredient list, I found the name “fresh Kaffir lime leaves” which is not available in my living area.
I bought dried Kaffir lime leaves in a grocery as a replacement, but they had never given the right flavor profile that the recipe requires.
So, I went to the Internet and searched for substitute for Kaffir lime leaves. I found some ideas, and to my surprise, one of them worked really well.
Today, I’m over here to share this experience with you!
What is Kaffir Lime?
a Kaffir lime is a perennial shrub and a member of the citrus family. It’s mostly grown in Southeast Asia and some nearby countries including India, Nepal and Bangladesh.
Since Kaffir lime leaves and fruits are sold frozen or dried in Asian markets outside the Asia, it’s not surprising if you cannot find them in your area.
This plant has hourglass-shaped leaves that would remind you of the citrusy aroma of lemons. New leaves are colored shiny green and turn to dark green as they’re mature.
The fruit is green and turns to yellow as it’s ripe, but what makes it different from other types of lime is the warty texture in its peel that you will easily notice at the first look.
Note that Kaffir is actually an Arabic word. In some countries, people don’t use this name, but they change it to “Makrut lime”. In South Africa, people call “K-leaves” when referring to Kaffir lime leaves.
What Does Kaffir Lime Leaves Taste Like?
Before discovering possible substitutes for Kaffir lime leaves, it’s important for you to know the exact flavor and scent of the leaves themselves.
In general, Kaffir lime leaves have a strong citrusy flavor blended with a note of pungency. They also have a bitter taste of green leaves that many people (including me) find it too tough to eat raw or alone.
There are numerous ways to take advantage of the distinctive flavor of this leaf. You can add it to curries, soups, sauces, marinade, Basmati rice, and so on.
Top 11 Best Substitutes for Kaffir Lime Leaves
1. Bay Leaves
They taste very similar to Kaffir lime leaves. When eaten whole, they’re also pungent and slightly bitter. However, the citrusy flavor of this plant is very mild which is not as strong as what you find in Kaffir lime leaves.
Fresh bay leaves are often used to season soups, seafood, sauces, stews and rice dishes in Thai, French and Mediterranean cuisine.
When dried, the bay leaf is considered as an herb having a slightly floral fragrance that is somewhat similar to oregano and thyme.
It’s a rich source of vitamins (A, C, folates, pyridoxine, etc.), minerals (calcium, potassium, zinc, magnesium, etc.), and essential oils (eugenol, chavicol, phellandrene, etc.) that are necessary for optimum health.
2. Lime or Lemon Zest
Although coming from different parts of a plant, lime zest and lime leaves are relatively close in taste. That’s because they both possess the sharply citrusy flavor and pungent scent.
Also, lime (fruit) is widely sold in groceries, so it’s not surprising that lime zest is the most popular replacement for Kaffir lime leaves.
Another good substitute for Kaffir lime leaves is lemon zest. But lemon zest adds a touch of slight sweetness in addition to the sourness of citrus.
This makes it unable to replicate the taste of Kaffir lime leaves as good as lime zest.
To use lime or lemon zest, you need to grate the zest from the fruit. You can do this with a good knife or a microplane (much easier). No matter which tool you choose, make sure you don’t grate the white portion.
Lime zest refers to only the colored layer of the lime peel, and it doesn’t include the white layer which is extremely bitter and unpleasant tasting.
For a guide to grate citrus in 4 ways, check this video:
3. Persian Limes
Also called Tahiti lime, this is the most common lime in the US, so you can buy it easily in grocery stores.
Amongst various types of limes, this one has the most similar flavor notes that Kaffir lime leaves have. The juice is very fragrant, just like Kaffir lime leaves.
Besides, this kind of lime is usually seedless, which means that you won’t have to worry about removing the seeds out of your dish before serving anymore.
4. Lemon Thyme
Lemon thyme is an herb with small leaves that can be used to season meats, fishes, soups and salads. Don’t mistake between lemon thyme and common thyme (thymus vulgaris).
Although they belong to the same area of scent, lemon thyme has a much more intense in lemony fragrance which is closer to Kaffir lime leaves.
It also gives you an earthy note without the bitterness you sometimes get from common thyme.
There are many reasons why lemon thyme is called an herb. Basically, it helps to enhance the immune system, control blood pressure and heart rate, prevent lung cancer, benefit neurotransmitters in the brain, relieve upset stomach, bloating and flatulence, reduces stress and fatigue, improve vision and skin, and so on.
5. Curry Leaves
If you’re cooking Indian curry but have nothing on hands to replace Kaffir lime leaves, then using curry leaves can be a choice.
Although curry leaves and lime leaves are different in many aspects, they give the similar citrus notes that might be enough to enrich the taste and smell of your dish.
Also, keep in mind that curry leaves are inevitable, so you have to remove them before serving the dish.
Lemongrass is one of the most flavourful and beneficial grass in the world. It is also the main part of many Asian cuisines like Thai curries and Vietnamese dishes.
Lemongrass has a unique flavor. When you take a little crushing of the stalk, it releases a fragrant, exactly citrusy aroma, the same as the subtle lemon-floral mixed with lemon-mint. This is light and does not overwhelm other flavors, a key to bud your taste, and helps to balance taste in Asian cuisine.
You can choose Lemongrass to replace chopped kaffir lime leaves in cooking because it has the same smell as citrus (like Lemongrass). When taking Lemongrass, you should use the same quantity for kaffir lime leaves, especially in some recipes using guise leaves.
However, in the typical recipe, the ratio at the start is one stalk of Lemongrass for about 3-4 kaffir leaves. Besides, It is also used wherever your recipe calls for kaffir lime leaves.
One more exciting piece of information, besides fresh Lemongrass, we can also use lemongrass paste and dried Lemongrass as a substitution.
Lemongrass paste originates in Cambodia and is easily bought in grocery stores, while dried Lemongrass has a feature herbal and citrusy flavor. Using one teaspoon of dried Lemongrass in replacement for kaffir lime leaves, you will get a great meal but no gap compared to kaffir lime leaves.
Basil is a tender plant, a delicate herb, and has origin in Southeast Asia. There are many kinds of basil used commonly in cuisines worldwide, but the most famous type is Thai basil.
You can use them in some dishes like noodles, curries, or some summer rolls. In case it is out of kaffir lime leaves, you can easily replace them with basil. In terms of taste, the small basil leaves are very suitable for sauces, soups, or any other rice dishes and give you the same flavor as kaffir lime leaves.
8. Coriander (Cilantro)
In my list, coriander is considered as the next substitution for kaffir lime leaves. Adding chop or dice leaves coriander in some garnish dishes to replace kaffir lime leaves taste.
When using coriander, it releases the fragrance and intensifies the taste of your dishes.
As I know, coriander is a pungent herb that some people think is the same as lemony, slightly peppery, and is divided into parts of the parsley family.
Coriander is also famous for Mexican cuisine in some recipes such as carne asada, homemade salsa, marinade, pico de gallo, and tacos.
9. Preserved Lemon
Preserved lemon is the lemons that have been dipped, pickled in salt and vinegar. Then, we keep it at room temperature for a month before using it. When stored in this way, lemon will be saved and last up to easily six months to use. Once opened and put in the refrigerator, preserved lemon had better eat within two weeks.
In cooking, the preserved lemon will make the dish more citrus tang taste as you expect.
This substitute does best in some recipes with meats, salads, stews, sauces, especially shrimps, fish, or other seafood, and it will add a citrus flavor to your recipes as kaffir lime leaves.
You can take both the peel and the pulp of the preserved lemon to create the dish. Because they contain steroids, preserved lemon adds mild and concentrated lemon flavor without the tartness. Nevertheless, you should notice that preserved lemons are stored in salt, so when cooking, you are sure to use less seasoning than usual. To be an alternative, you need to add a quarter teaspoon of chopped preserved lemon for each stalk of kaffir lime leaves to get the same taste.
10. Lime juice
A similar citrusy flavor is the same as kaffir lime leaves found in lime juice. It is easy for you to get lime juice to replace some dishes that require kaffir lime leaves. In this way, the food will add tangy, acidity, and freshness.
You can dilute lemon juice with a bit of water to help the juice weaken in acidity quality and get the right taste. However, some people often use both lime juice and lemon zest. Generally, you should use 1/2 teaspoons of lime juice and some finely chopped lime zest to replace two kaffir lime leaves. Lime juice may hint for you to make and reproduce the most similar kaffir lime leaves taste in the Thai dish and soup, especially Thai curry paste. According to my habits, a Thai curry will not be complete without half of a lime juice.
11. Other Citrus Leaves
Leaves of other citrus plants, such as limes, lemons and oranges, can be good substitutes for Kaffir lime leaves, although they cannot give the strong fragrance compared to what you would get from Kaffir lime leaves.
A simple way to boost the fragrance is adding more of them, perhaps doubling the amount if the recipe requires.
Best Way to Replicate the Flavor and Scent of Kaffir Lime Leaves
Kaffir lime leaves have a very complex and distinct floral note, which makes it really hard to be replaced with just one ingredient.
Therefore, my advice is to combine various plants. For example, the following mixture of bay leaves, lime zest and lemon thyme can be used in place of one Kaffir lime leaf:
- 1/2 teaspoon of bay leaf
- 1/4 teaspoon of lime zest
- 1/8 teaspoon of lemon thyme
While the bay leaves bring a slight touch of bitterness with floral notes, the lime zest provides a sharply citrus flavor with a pungent scent.
To boost fragrance, add a bit lemon thyme. Together, they give you the close effect that you want to get from a Kaffir lime leaf.
If you plan to try out a new delicious savory dish that requires for a Kaffir lime leaf as an important ingredient but you cannot find this leaf in your living area, then don’t worry.
Our substitutes for Kaffir lime leaves can help you. You also might try other substitutes from my blog: ranch style beans substitute, rosemary substitute.
What are you waiting for? Let me know your thoughts by leaving your comment in the section below. Thank you for reading!